Politics On Abortion Essays
Public Philosophy: Essays on Morality in Politics: Michael J ...
Public Philosophy: Essays on Morality in Politics [Michael J. Sandel] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In this book, Michael Sandel takes up some of the hotly contested moral and political issues of our time
Politics On Abortion Essays
Doing evil is therefore moving from a position of morality (uprightness) to a position of immorality (being low). Its multiple authorities violate any unitary moral authority. Because it is better to walk upright than to fall down, we find the widespread metaphor that morality is uprightness.
And though i have used the gender neutral term nurturant parent, that model ultimately derives from a womans model of the family. If i do something harmful to you, then i have given something of negative value and, by moral arithmetic, taken something of positive value. It explains why opposition to environmental protection goes with support for military protection, why the right-to-life goes with the right to own machine guns, why patriotism goes with hatred of government.
I can therefore make restitution -- make up for what i have done -- by paying you back with something of equal positive value. Affirmative action since women and minorities are not treated fairly in society, it is up to the government to do what it can to make sure that they have a fair chance at self-fulfillment. It says that the way to raise a child to be self-reliant and responsible to others is through discipline and denial.
But, on the whole, these conditions on experiential well-being hold. Children are also taught self-nurturance the intrinsic value of emotional connection with others, of health, of education, of art, of communion with the natural world, and of being able to take care of oneself. Of course, in many cases, full restitution is impossible, but partial restitution may be possible.
The most fundamental form of morality concerns promoting the experiential well-being of others and the avoidance and prevention of experiential harm to others. The golden rule does not take into account that others may have different values than you do. In conservatism, moral nurturance is subservient to moral strength.
Hence, the appropriate antipathy of conservatives to feminism (although there is the recent phenomenon of conservative feminists, namely, women who function with the values of conservative men such as self-discipline, self-reliance, the pursuit of self-interest, etc. Interestingly, each of these corresponds to classical critiques of liberalism by conservatives. Two are generally preferable, but not always possible. A large proportion of our most commonplace thoughts make use of an extensive, but unconscious, system of metaphorical concepts, that is, concepts from a typically concrete realm of thought that are used to comprehend another, completely different domain. Some of those oversimplifications are so important that they must be addressed, if only in a cursory way.
Abortion debate - Wikipedia
The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion. The sides involved in the debate are the self-described “pro-choice” and “pro-life” movements.
Politics On Abortion Essays
Metaphor, Morality, and Politics - wwcd.org
We may not always know it, but we think in metaphor. A large proportion of our most commonplace thoughts make use of an extensive, but unconscious, system of metaphorical concepts, that is, concepts from a typically concrete realm of thought that are used to comprehend another, completely different domain.
Politics On Abortion Essays
Where conservatives have organized for an overall, unified onslaught on liberal culture, liberals are fragmented into isolated interest groups, Despite the fact that strict father models of the family occur throughout the world.
Instead, moral strength is its highest principle and moral empathy is relatively far down on the list, Applying the metaphor of the nation as family, with the government as parent, we get the liberal political worldview the government, as nurturant parent, is responsible for providing for the basic needs of its citizens food, shelter.
To remove it is to virtually guarantee harm to the normal moral citizen who would rather be working than lying helplessly in a net. But the father has primary responsibility for setting overall family policy, and the mothers job is to be supportive of the father and to help carry out the fathers views on what should be done.
All of us -- liberals, conservatives, and others -- make use of all of the metaphors for morality discussed here. There are three basic liberal models of fair distribution metaphorical fairness concerns actions conceived of as objects given to individuals.
ST JOSEPH’S CATHOLIC HIGH SCHOOL
Strict father morality allows one to impose experiential harm on others in the name of the abstract metaphorical principle that morality is strength. The obvious examples are increased military funding, the three-strikes law which requires many more prisons and the costs of keeping prisoners, the promotion of orphanages (which would be more expensive than the welfare programs they would replace), and tort reform, which would take enormous powers from the states and give them to the federal government. Liberals tend not to understand the logic of conservatism they dont understand what form of morality makes conservative positions moral or what conservative family values have to do with the rest of conservative politics. You do not have to do any harm, nor is there any moral debt for you to pay, since full restitution, where possible, cancels all debts. Before we proceed with our discussion of metaphors for morality, we should point out the obvious -- that morality is not all metaphorical and that nonmetaphorical aspects of morality are what the metaphorical system is based on.
Similarly, the opposition to prenatal care programs to lower infant mortality stems from the view that moral mothers should be able to provide their own prenatal care, and if they cant they should abstain from sex and not have babies. Through self-denial, the children can build strength against internal evils. Environmentalism communion with the environment is part of nurturance, part of the realization of ones potential as a human being. Strict conservatives are moralistic, giving highest priority to the conservative moral metaphors and seeing the pursuit of self-interest as the natural means for achieving conservative moral values. It appears that the antipathy to government shown by american conservatives derives from the part of the strict father model, in which grown children are expected to go off on their own and be self-reliant and then deeply resent parents who continue to tell them how they should live.
What has to be strengthened is ones will. The metaphor with the highest priority in the conservative moral system is. While deviational pathologies clearly occur in both liberal and conservative family-based moral systems, foundational and empirical pathologies occur, so far as i have been able to tell, only in the conservative family-based moral system. This will not be easy, and they are 30 years behind. A large proportion of our most commonplace thoughts make use of an extensive, but unconscious, system of metaphorical concepts, that is, concepts from a typically concrete realm of thought that are used to comprehend another, completely different domain. It is important to understand that conservative opposition to abortion is not just an overriding respect for all life. You either allow me to harm you further or, perhaps, you even do something good for me. Moral authority is patterned metaphorically on parental authority, where parents have a young childs best interests at heart and know what is best for the child. For example, president clinton, unlike most other liberals, assigns higher priority to the nurturance of social ties than to moral nurturance itself. Otherwise you are self-indulgent, and such moral flabbiness ultimately helps the forces of evil.A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah 6:8
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At this point, it is crucial to raise the issue of the oklahoma city bombing, in which more than a hundred adults and scores of children were killed by a radical conservative who saw himself as striking at the meddling of the federal government in the lives of citizens. For example, in strict-father families in spain or italy or france or israel or china, grown children are not expected to leave and go off on their own, with a proscription on parents playing a major role in guiding the life of the child. Liberals dont understand how anti-abortion right-to-life activists can favor the death penalty and oppose reducing infant morality through prenatal care programs. If it were, conservatives would be working to lower the infant mortality rate by supporting prenatal care programs Buy now Politics On Abortion Essays
Suppose again that you do something to harm me, which is metaphorically to give me something of negative value. The metaphor with the highest priority in the conservative moral system is. This is not all conscious, but it is implicit and it is what gives the safety net metaphor its moral force. Let us begin with cases of deviational pathology. Senator robert dole, addressing the senate during the debate over the balanced budget amendment, described liberals as those who think washington knows best.
To encourage and reward such model citizens, conservatives support tax breaks for them and oppose environmental and other regulations that get in their way. Taking morality as empathy requires basing your actions on their values, not yours Politics On Abortion Essays Buy now
And because it is better to be healthy than sick, we expect to see morality conceptualized in terms of health and attendant concepts like cleanliness and purity. What do the the hundreds of thousands of parents who educate their children at home, or the millions of americans who oppose high taxes, have to do with the thugs who bombed the federal building? Gary bauer is in denial, as are others on the right. Moral action is giving something of positive value immoral action is giving something of negative value. Nor is it a matter of protecting the lives of innocent children waiting to be born. This example illustrates what a cognitive scientist means when he speaks of conceptual metaphor.
Moreover, the metaphor entails that one cannot respect the views of ones adversary evil does not deserve respect it deserves to be attacked! The metaphor of moral strength imposes a strict us-them moral dichotomy Buy Politics On Abortion Essays at a discount
For me, one of the most poignant effects of the ignorance of metaphorical thought is the mystification of liberals concerning the recent electoral successes of conservatives. Ideally, she respects his views and supports them. Art and the humanities knowledge, beauty, and self-knowledge are part of human fulfillment, and so the government must see to it that institutions promote such forms of human nurturance. For instance, well-being is wealth (and hence moral accounting) is based on the knowledge that it is better to the rich than to be poor. Multiculturalism thus violates the binary good-evil distinction made by moral strength.
This model oversimplifies many divisions within the liberal and conservative ranks Buy Online Politics On Abortion Essays
Children are also taught self-nurturance the intrinsic value of emotional connection with others, of health, of education, of art, of communion with the natural world, and of being able to take care of oneself. The logic of moral essence is this your behavior reveals your essence, which in turn predicts your future behavior. Excessive discipline when normal desires are seen to be evils to be punished or when punishment is excessive and results in harm. Revenge is the moral equivalent of retribution, another way of balancing the moral books. The family-based morality that structures liberal thought is diametrically opposed to strict father morality.
But you would have acted immorally by the second principle in letting me get away with it you would not have done your moral duty, which is to make make me pay for what i have done Buy Politics On Abortion Essays Online at a discount
When we speak of someone as having a heart of gold or as not having a mean bone in his body or as being rotten to the core, we are using the metaphor of moral essence. Similarly, the opposition to prenatal care programs to lower infant mortality stems from the view that moral mothers should be able to provide their own prenatal care, and if they cant they should abstain from sex and not have babies. But the metaphor that morality is strength allows experiential morality to be overridden regularly. And these conditions form the grounding for our system of moral metaphors. Moral action is giving something of positive value immoral action is giving something of negative value.
This metaphor sees it as the highest morality when everyone pursues his own self-interest unimpeded Politics On Abortion Essays For Sale
And though i have used the gender neutral term nurturant parent, that model ultimately derives from a womans model of the family. The pursuit of self-interest is shaped by these values anything inconsistent with these values is not in ones self-interest. These are the metaphors for morality that best fit the nurturant parent model of the family, and accordingly they are given highest priority in liberal thought. The father embodies the values needed to make ones way in the world and to support a family he is morally strong, self-disciplined, frugal, temperate, and restrained. Taking morality as empathy requires basing your actions on their values, not yours.
Nor does it explain conservative views in cases where there is no consensus, such as abortion For Sale Politics On Abortion Essays
Nurturant parent morality contains a structural feature that guarantees that experiential morality is not overridden, namely, that moral empathy has the highest priority in that moral system. Thus, one can have strict father morality at home and nurturant parent morality in politics -- and the reverse. But the metaphor that morality is strength allows experiential morality to be overridden regularly. The point of moral strength for liberals is to fight intolerance and inhumanity to others and to stand up for social responsibility. This requires a reformulation of the golden rule that child, which requires seeing the world through the childs eyes as much as possible.
They dont understand why conservatives attack violence in the media while promoting the right to own machine guns Sale Politics On Abortion Essays
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